SKI GLOSSARY: C



Camber
The curve built into the main body of a ski to allow an even distribution of the skier's mass over the whole ski in contact with the snow. A soft-cambered ski will exhibit an even distribution, whilst a stiffer or harder-cambered ski is constructed so that the mid-section (or wax pocket) of the ski is held above the surface of the snow except when it is being heavily weighted (as occurs when kicking).

Camel walk
American term for passgang.

Carving
A method of turning at high speed with minimal skidding of the skis, and determined by edging, plus the side-cut and camber of any given ski.

Catching Air
Catching air is going fast enough to have both lift skis off the snow after skiing over a bump.

Catching an Edge
Catching an edge is a fall or near-fall where the edge of your ski digs into the snow, usually catching a groove made by the ski of another skier.

Centrifugal force
The force produced when an body rotates around the centre of its orbit. A skier will notice this when turning, in the form of an outward force away from the centre of the radius of the turn.

Centripetal force
The opposing force to that of the centrifugal force. This must be applied by the skier to maintain balance and counteract centrifugal force when turning.

Chair Lift
A chair lift is a mechanized, cable-suspended, aerial chair device used to carry skiers up a mountain slope.

Christiania
The original term for a christie, or a turn in which the skis skid for all or part of the turn. Christiania (now Oslo) was the place in which this term originated.

Citizen racing
Recreational ski races (often large), generally over 10-80 kilometre distance, and with a mass start.

Classical skiing
Track skiing without skating, as was more often and generally performed prior to the rise in popularity of snow-skating.

Compression
flexing of the legs to absorb bumps, and also to start turns over moguls. The French often call this term 'avalement'.

Converging
When the ski tips are closer together than the tails - as in a snowplough, or when stem turning. See also diverging.

Cornice
An overhanging lip or ridge of snow.

Counter-rotation
Rotating the body one way, and the legs the opposite. When turning, the legs turn into the turn, whilst the body turns outward, creating the effect.

Cross-country skiing
A term generally used in most of the world to describe only the track-skiing aspects of Nordic skiing, although sometimes used in Australia and elsewhere to include off-track skiing, XCD, and ski touring.

Crud
Difficult snow conditions - often crusty or icy on top, with soft mush underneath.