An aerial tramway is a special type of aerial transport, usually, we know it like ropeway or cable car, and sometimes erroneously called as a gondola. Aerial tramway is a aerial system, the passenger cabins are connected by a one or more fixed cables. The fixed cables give support for the cabins. The ropes are solidly connected to the tramway. The aerial tramway is elevated or transported by the support cables. The haulage cable is generally driven by an electric motor and being connected to the cabins, moves them up or down the mountain.

An aerial tramway and a gondola lift aren't the same thing, The aerial tramway have larger cabins, in some cases able to carry more than 100 people. In addition, because the cabins are permanently attached to the drive cable, the cable must come to a complete stop to allow passengers to enter and leave. In a gondola lift system, the cable keeps moving while the cabins detach to allow passenger access.

Between advantages of aerial tramways we have the need for few cabins and relatively few towers. Between disadvantages we can see their susceptibility to wind disturbance and their limited hourly capacity.

A long time ago the original version was known as telpherage, and was invented by Scottish engineer Fleeming Jenkin. Many aerial tramways were built by Von Roll Ltd. of Switzerland, which has since been acquired by Austrian lift manufacturer Doppelmayr.